ISLAMABAD:- Pakistan’s economy has achieved 5.97 percent GDP growth rater during the current fiscal year amid political uncertinity and new waive of covid-19.

The 105th meeting of the National Accounts Committee to review the final, revised and provisional estimates of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) for the years 2019-20, 2020-21 and 2021-22 respectively was held today in the Auditorium of Ministry of Planning Development & Special Initiatives (MoPD&SI), P-Block Islamabad. The Secretary, MoPD&SI chaired the meeting. The provisional GDP estimates for the year 2020-21 and revised GDP estimates for the year 2019-20 presented in the 104th meeting of the NAC held in January 2022 have been updated on the basis of latest available data.

The final growth rate of GDP for the year 2019-20 has been estimated at -0.94 percent which was -1.0 percent in the revised estimates. The revised growth rate of GDP for the year 2020-21 is 5.74 percent which was provisionally estimated at 5.57 percent. The crops sub-sector has improved from 5.92percent to 5.96 percent. The other crops have improved from provisional growth of 8.08 percent to 8.27 percent in revised estimates. The growth of industrial sector in the revised estimates is 7.81 percent which was 7.79percent in the provisional estimates while growth of services sector has improved from 5.7% to 6.0percent.

The provisional GDP growth rate for the year 2021-22 is estimated at 5.97%. Broad based growth witnessed in all the sectors of the economy. The growth of agricultural, industrial and services sectors is 4.40%, 7.19% and 6.19% respectively. The growth of important crops during this year is 7.24%. The growth in production of important crops namely Cotton, Rice, Sugarcane and Maize are estimated at 17.9%, 10.7%, 9.4% and 19.0% respectively. The cotton crop increased from 7.1 Mn bales reported last year to 8.3 Mn. Bales; Rice production increased from 8.4 Mn Tons to 9.3 Mn Tons; Sugarcane production increased from 81.0 Mn Tons to 88.7 Mn tons; Maize production increased from 8.4 Mn Tons to 10.6 Mn tons respectively, while Wheat production decreased from 27.5 Mn Tons to 26.4 Mn Tons. Other crops showed growth of 5.44% mainly because of increase in production of pulses, vegetables, fodder, oilseeds and fruits. Livestock sector is showing a growth of 3.26%. The growth of forestry is 3.13% and fishing is at 0.35%.

The overall industrial sector shows an increase of 7.19%. The mining and quarrying sector has decreased by 4.47% due to decline in production of other minerals as well as decline in exploration cost. The Large Scale Manufacturing industry is driven primarily by QIM data (from July 2021 to March 2022) which shows an increase of 10.4%. Major contributors to this growth are Food (11.67%), Tobacco (16.7%), Textile (3.19%), Wearing Apparel (33.95%), Wood Products (157.5%), Chemicals (7.79%), Iron & Steel Products (16.55%), Automobiles (54.10%), Furniture (301.83%) and other manufacturing (37.83%). Electricity, gas and water industry shows a growth of 7.86% mainly due to increase in subsidies in 2021-22.  The value added in construction industry, mainly driven by construction related expenditures by industries, has registered a modest growth of 3.14% mainly due to increase in general government spending.

The services sector shows a growth of 6.19 percent during the current fiscal year. Wholesale and Retail Trade industry grew by 10.04 percent. It is dependent on the output of agriculture, manufacturing and imports. The growth in trade value added relating to agriculture, manufacturing and imports stands at 3.99%, 9.82% and 19.93% respectively. Transportation & Storage industry has increased by 5.42% due to increase in gross value addition of railways (41.85%), air transport (26.56%), road transport (4.99%) and storage. Accommodation and food services activities have increased by 4.07%. Similarly, Information and communication increased by 11.9% due to improvement in telecommunication, computer programming, consultancy and related activities.  Finance and insurance industry shows an overall increase of 4.93% mainly due to increase in deposits and loans. Real estate activities grew by 3.7% while public administration and social security (general government) activities posted negative growth of 1.23% due to high deflator. Education has witnessed a growth of 8.65% due to public sector expenditure. Human health and social work activities also increased by 2.25% due to general government expenditures. The provisional growth in other private services is 3.76%.

The GDP of the country at current market prices has reached to Rs.66.949 trillion in 2021-22 which has resulted in increase in per capita income from Rs.268,223 in 2020-21 to Rs.314,353 in 2021-22. The per capita income in US$ has increased from 1676 in 2020-21 to 1798 in 2021-22. Further, the volume of the economy in US$ in 2021-22 stands at $383 billion.

Gross Domestic Product of Pakistan (at constant basic prices of 2015-16) (Rs. in Million)

S.  NoSector/Industry2020-21 (R)2021-222020-21/2021-22/
AAgriculture, Forestry and Fishing     ( 1 to 4 )842070587914473.484.40
 1. Crops ( i+ii+iii)285257830402655.966.58
 i)  Important Crops159403117094215.837.24
 ii) Other Crops115539312182088.275.44
 iii) Cotton Ginning103154112636(13.08)9.19
 2.  Livestock526900954407782.383.26
 3.  Forestry177111187970(0.45)6.13
 4.  Fishing1220071224340.730.35
BIndustrial Activities ( 1 to 4 )691060874077097.817.19
 1.  Mining and Quarrying6941346630841.21(4.47)
 2.  Manufacturing ( i+ii+iii)4387842481769010.529.80
 i)    Large Scale3240668358020611.4910.48
 ii)   Small Scale7054507682048.978.90
 iii)  Slaughtering4417234692806.116.24
 3   Electricity, Gas and Water supply8661299341886.317.86
 4.  Construction9625039927472.483.14
 Commodity Producing Activities (A+B)15331313161991565.395.66
CServices ( 1 to 10)21241331225559346.006.19
 1.  Wholesale & Retail trade6633542729921910.5810.04
 2. Transportation & Storage381786840246735.065.42
 3. Accommodation and Food Services Activities (Hotels & Restaurants)5200245411964.104.07
 4. Information and Communication93347810445947.5011.90
 5.  Financial and Insurance Activities6858787196875.944.93
 6.  Real Estate Activities (OD)207999621568633.643.70
 7.  Public Administration and Social Security (General Government)18200931797778(0.55)(1.23)
 8. Education105806811496043.258.65
 9. Human Health and Social Work Activities5846335977792.812.25
 10.  Other Private Services310775132245414.983.76
DGDP {Total of GVA at bp (A+B+C)36572644387550905.745.97

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